MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES theory, in a nutshell, is a pluralized way of understanding the intellect. Recent advances in cognitive science, developmental psychology and neuroscience suggest that each person's level of intelligence, as it has been traditionally considered, is actually made up of autonomous faculties that can work individually or in concert with other faculties. Howard Gardner originally identified seven such faculties, which he labeled as "intelligences":
Gardner has never ruled out the possibility that additional intelligences may also exist, for MI research is still in its infancy. Recently, he added an eighth intelligence to the list: the Naturalist Intelligence. There's also been some consideration of a ninth intelligence - existential intelligence - but the jury is still out on that one. Besides, for now at least, a great deal of new understanding may be found from within these eight faculties.
What is the the traditional view of intelligence?
How has this view impacted schools historically?
How would MI affect the implementation of traditional education?
Tell me more about Howard Gardner.
Tell me more about Harvard Project Zero.
I'd like to examine other reform styles.